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Canadian Consumer Price Inflation-4月加拿大经济综述之消费者物价指数

Canadian inflation accelerated in April as consumer prices rose 2 per cent in the twelve months to April, a 0.5 point increase from March's inflation reading of 1.5 per cent and nearly a full percentage point higher than February. The increase was largely explained by rising energy prices, including a 6.6 per cent gain in gasoline prices and a 26 per cent gain in the price of natural gas.  The Bank of Canada's index of core inflation, which strips out the most volatile components of the CPI, such as food and energy prices, increased 1.4 per cent in April, a modest increase from 1.3 per cent in March. As noted in the Bank of Canada's most recent forecast, higher energy prices are expected to push headline CPI inflation higher in coming months. Therefore, the current pick-up in inflation is unlikely to sway the Bank toward a more hawkish stance as long as core inflation remains muted. 

The impact of the elimination of the HST is finally starting to fade from inflation measured in BC. Consumer prices in the provinces rose 1.5 per cent in the 12 months to April. That increase follows several months of inflation reading at close to, or even below, zero. 


4月的消费者物价指数(CPI)过去12个月上涨了2%。比3月增高了0.5%,而比二月将近增高了整整1个百分点。CPI的上升主要归结于能源价格的上涨,包括汽油上涨了6.6%,天然气价格上涨了26%!加拿大央行的核心通货膨胀指数,该指数去掉了那些最不稳定的CPI元素,比如食品和能源价格,4月上涨了1.4%,稍微比3月高了0.1%。 根据加拿大央行最新的一个预测,更高的能源价格将把CPI指数推向一个更高的数字,因此,只要核心通货膨胀率保持稳定,现在上扬的通货膨胀率还不至于影响银行使用更为强硬的立场。


HST废除的影响终于对BC省的通膨影响渐渐减淡。消费者物价指数过去12个月只上升了1.5%,前几个月的通货膨胀率几乎为零甚至更低。



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